AIMS AND SCOPE
The Open Environmental Research Journal is an Open Access
online journal, publishing original research articles, reviews and letters in
the field of ecology, aiming to provide the most complete and reliable source of
information on current developments in the field.
Each peer-reviewed article published in a Bentham OPEN Journal
is universally and freely accessible via the Internet in an easily readable and
printable PDF format.
ONLINE MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION
An online submission and tracking service via Internet
facilitates a speedy and cost-effective submission of manuscripts. The full
manuscript has to be submitted online via Bentham's Manuscript
Processing System (MPS) at
https://bentham.manuscriptpoint.com/journals/toecolj / View Submission
Authors should ONLY submit their articles directly through our online
system as we do not accept articles through intermediary companies or
Manuscripts must be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript, and should
not be submitted by anyone on their behalf. The principal/corresponding author
will be required to submit a Covering Letter along with the manuscript, on
behalf of all the co-authors (if any). The author(s) will confirm that the
manuscript (or any part of it) has not been published previously or is not under
consideration for publication elsewhere. Furthermore, any illustration,
structure or table that has been published elsewhere must be reported, and
copyright permission for reproduction must be obtained.
For all online submissions, please provide soft copies of all the materials (main
text in MS Word or Tex/LaTeX), figures / illustrations in TIFF, PDF or JPEG, and
chemical structures drawn in ChemDraw (CDX) / ISISDraw (TGF) as separate files,
while a PDF version of the entire manuscript must also be included, embedded
with all the figures / illustrations / tables / chemical structures etc. It is
advisable that the document files related to a manuscript submission should
always have the name of the corresponding author as part of the file name,
i.e., "Cilli MS text.doc" , "Cilli MS Figure 1", etc.
It is imperative that before submission, authors should carefully proofread the
files for special characters, mathematical symbols, Greek letters, equations,
tables and images, to ensure that they appear in proper format.
References, figures, tables, structures etc. should be referred to in the text at
the place where they have been discussed. Figure legends/caption should also be
A successful electronic submission of a manuscript will be followed by a
system-generated acknowledgement to the principal/corresponding author within
72 hours of the dispatch of the manuscript. Any questions with regards to
the preparation of and submission of your manuscript to the journal should be
addressed to email@example.com and copied
NOTE: Any queries
therein should be addressed to firstname.lastname@example.org and copied to Jalil@benthamopen.net
Authors who publish in Bentham OPEN Journals retain
copyright to their work. It is a condition of publication that manuscripts
submitted to this journal have not been published and will not be
simultaneously submitted or published elsewhere. Plagiarism is strictly
forbidden, and by submitting the article for publication the authors agree
that the publishers have the legal right to take appropriate action against
the authors, if plagiarism or fabricated information is discovered. Once
submitted to the journal, the author may not withdraw their manuscript at
any stage prior to publication.
Articles are licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons
Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0) (
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode), which permits
the copying and redistribution of the material in any medium or format, as
well as remixing, transformation, and building upon the material for any
purpose, even commercially, provided appropriate credit is given, a link to
the licence is provided, and provided it is indicated if any changes were
A signed copy of the downloaded copyright letter must also be submitted
along with the manuscript by the author to whom correspondence is to be
the Copyright Letter
PERMISSION FOR REPRODUCTION:
Published/reproduced material should not be included unless you have obtained
written permission from the copyright holder, which should be forwarded to
the Editorial Office in case of acceptance of your article for publication.
For obtaining permission for reproducing any material published in an article
by Bentham OPEN, please fill in the request
FORM and send to email@example.com for
The manuscript should be written in English in a clear, direct and active
style. All pages must be numbered sequentially, facilitating in the
reviewing and editing of the manuscript.
Professional editing services may be availed by the team available at
Bentham OPEN, for the correction of grammatical,
scientific and typographical errors.
The journal accepts original research articles, review articles and letters
written in English. Single topic/thematic issues may also be considered for
Research articles should be of 4000-6000 words with 75 or more references
excluding figures, structures, photographs, schemes, tables,
The length of a published comprehensive review article is from 6000-10000 words with 100 or more references excluding figures, structures,
photographs, schemes, tables etc.
Letters should be 3000-4000 words with 40 or more references excluding
figures, structures, photographs, schemes, tables, etc.
This journal publishes open access reviews on recently published books
(both print and electronic) relevant to the journal. Publishers and
authors of books are invited to contact our book reviews editor at firstname.lastname@example.org
with book review requests. All submitted books will be reviewed by an
independent expert in the field. No page charges will be levied to
authors for the publication of book reviews.
Editorials are short papers on important topics related to the journal.
The total number of words in an editorial should not exceed 1000 to 1500, and it
should contain only 10-15 references. An abstract is not required.
Commentaries present an analysis by scientists on different important
issues related to the publications in the journal. Commentaries should
contain less than 3000 words, including the abstract, main text,
references, and figure legends. However, an abstract is not necessary.
A perspective provides a short overview of a research topic relevant to
the field. The length of a published perspective ranges from 1500 to
1800 words, with 20 or more references, excluding figures, structures,
photographs, schemes, tables, etc.
For proposals to publish conference proceedings in this journal, please
contact us at email: email@example.com
Supplement/Single Topic Issues:
The journal also considers Supplements/Single topic issues for publication. The Guest Edited Thematic Issues are published free of charge.
A Supplement/Single topic will be a collection of articles (minimum of 6,
maximum of 20 articles) based on a contemporary theme or topic of great
importance to the field. Mini-supplements consisting of between 3 to 5
articles are also welcome. The Guest Editors' main editorial task is to
invite the contributors to the Supplement and to manage the peer review of
submitted manuscripts. A short summary or proposal for editing a supplement
should be submitted to the Editor-in-Chief at e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org
Industry News should provide important developments in industries related to
the scope of the Journal, that could be of interest to the readers. The
length of the submission should be about 1000 words, and it should ideally
have 10 or more references (abstract is not required).
Patent News may present important information about recent important patents
that have been granted, relevant to the scope of this journal. The length
should be about 1000 words, and it should ideally have 10 or more references
(abstract is not required).
There is no restriction on the number of figures, tables or additional files
e.g. video clips, animation and datasets, that can be included with each
article online. Authors should include all relevant supporting data with
MANUSCRIPT SECTIONS FOR PAPERS
Manuscripts for research articles and letters submitted to the respective
journals should be divided into the following sections; however, there can
be an extension in the number of sections in review articles in accordance
with the requirements of the topic.
- Copyright letter (e-mail submission only)
- Title page
- Structured Abstract
- Text (with subsections)
- List of Abbreviations (if any)
- Availability of Data and Materials
- Conflict of Interest
- Figures/Illustrations (if any)
- Chemical Structures (if any)
- Tables (if any)
- Supportive/Supplementary Material (if any)
The title should be precise and brief and must not be more than 120
characters. Authors should avoid the use of non-standard abbreviations
and question marks in titles. The title must be written in title case
except for articles, conjunctions and prepositions.
As recommended by the Reporting guidelines information about the study
should be a part of the title (particularly for systematic reviews).
Authors should also provide a short ‘running title’. Title, running
title, by line correspondent footnote and key words should be written as
presented in the original manuscript.
The abstract of an article should be its clear, concise and accurate
summary, having no more than 250 words, and including the explicit
sub-headings (as in-line or run-in headings in bold). Use of
abbreviations should be avoided and the references should not be cited
in the abstract.
All the original research articles systematic reviews must be accompanied
with a structured abstract. Ideally, each abstract should include the
following sub-headings, but these may vary according to requirements of
The headings can vary, but must state the purpose of the study, details
of the participants, measurements, methods, main findings and
6 to 8 keywords must be provided. Choose important and relevant keywords
that researchers in your field will be searching for so that your paper
will appear in a database search. The keywords should be contained in
the title and they should appear several times in the article.
The main text should begin on a separate page and should be divided into
title page, abstract and the main text. The text may be subdivided
further according to the areas to be discussed, which should be followed
by the List of Abbreviations (if any), Conflict of Interest,
Acknowledgements and Reference sections. For review, the manuscript
should be divided into title page, abstract and the main text. The text
may be subdivided further according to the areas to be discussed, which
should be followed by the Acknowledgements and Reference sections. The
Review Article should mention any previous important recent and old
reviews in the field and contain a comprehensive discussion starting
with the general background of the field. It should then go on to
discuss the salient features of recent developments. The authors should
avoid presenting material which has already been published in a previous
review. The authors are advised to present and discuss their
observations in brief.
For Research Articles the manuscript should begin with the title page and
abstract followed by the main text, which must be structured into
separate sections as Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results,
Discussion, Conclusion, Conflict of Interest, Acknowledgements and
The manuscript style must be uniform throughout the text and 10 pt Times
New Roman fonts should be used. The full term for an abbreviation should
precede its first appearance in the text unless it is a standard unit of
measurement. The reference numbers should be given in square brackets in
the text. Italics should be used for Binomial names of organisms (Genus
and Species), for emphasis and for unfamiliar words or phrases.
Non-assimilated words from Latin or other languages should also be
italicized e.g.per se, et al., etc.
If any of the following are to be used in the manuscript, follow the
Section headings should be numbered sequentially, left aligned and
have the first letter capitalized, starting with the introduction.
Sub-section headings however, should be in lower-case and italicized
with their initials capitalized. They should be numbered as 1.1,
The Introduction section should include the background and aims of
the research in a comprehensive manner.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
This section provides details of the methodology used along with
information on any previous efforts with corresponding references.
Any details for further modifications and research should be
included. Sufficient details should be provided to the reader about
the original data source in order to enable the analysis,
appropriateness and verification of the results reported in the
It is important for the Method Section should be sufficiently
detailed in respect of the data presented, and the results produced
from it. This section should include all the information and
protocol gathered for the study at the time when it was being
written. If the study is funded or financially supported by an
organization to conduct the research, then it should be mentioned in
the Method Section. Methods must be result-oriented.
Repeated information should not be reported in the text of an
article. A calculation section must include experimental data, facts
and practical development from a theoretical perspective.
The important and main findings of the study should come first in the
Results Section. The tables, figures and references should be given
in sequence to emphasize the important information or observations
related to the research. The repetition of data in tables and
figures should be avoided. Results should be precise.
This should explore the significance of the results of the work, present a reproducible procedure and emphasis the importance of the article in the light of recent developments in the field. Extensive citations and discussion of published literature should be avoided.
This section of research articles should discuss the implications of the findings in the context of existing research and highlight the study's limitations. The authors should justify the sample size according to the study purpose and methods.
The Results and Discussion may be presented together under one heading of “Results and Discussion”. Alternatively, they may be presented under two separate sections (“Results” Section and “Discussion” Sections). Short sub-headings may be added in each section if required.
A small paragraph summarizing the contents of the article, presenting
the final outcome of the research or proposing further study on the
subject, may be given at the end of the article under the Conclusion
The authors need to declare the funding sources of their manuscripts
clearly by providing the name of the funding agency or financial
support along with allotted grant/award number in round brackets (if
applied), for instance, “This work was financially supported by
[Name of the funding agency] (Grant number XXX).
Similarly, if a paper does not have any specific funding source, and
is part of the employment of the authors, then the name of the
employer will be required. Authors will have to clearly state that
the funder was involved in writing, editing, approval, or decision
to publish the article.
The authors will be required to submit the Microarray experiment data
to the ArrayExpress using the MIAMExpress submission tool (
www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/), which will be subjected to
reviewing by the curation team and if accepted, an ArrayExpress
accession number would be assigned for it. The ArrayExpress offers
the facility to maintain the data until the related paper is
Microarray data should be made available for reviewers and editors at
the time of manuscript submission in a MIAME compliant and widely
accessible format. Submission of large raw and/or analyzed
microarray data files as supplementary data to the journal should be
discouraged, which may alternatively be submitted either to the Gene
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/ or ArrayExpress
http://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress repositories, thereby
obtaining an accession number for the journal and any necessary
passwords, to facilitate the reviewers and editors of a manuscript
to access the data. The submission of the microarray data to either
of these repositories should be done at or before acceptance of a
paper for publication, with accession number being allotted well
Genetic And Drug Abbreviations And Acronyms:
- Genes, mutations, genotypes, and alleles should also be
indicated in italics but the protein product of a gene
should be in Roman type . Use the recommended name by
consulting the appropriate genetic nomenclature
database, e.g., HUGO for human genes. It is sometimes
advisable to indicate the synonyms for the gene the
first time it appears in the text. Gene prefixes such as
those used for oncogenes or cellular localization should
be shown in roman: v-fes, c-MYC, etc.
- The Recommended International Non-Proprietary Name (rINN)
of drugs should be provided.
- In case of usage of symbols that do not conform to those
that have previously appeared in the literature, their
aliases may be obtained from the approved nomenclature
in the Human Gene Nomenclature Database (Genew) and
LocusLink, to allow retrieval of all the information
available for each gene.
All appropriate datasets, images, and information should be deposited
in public resources. Please provide the relevant accession numbers
(and version numbers, if appropriate) and any necessary passwords to
enable the reviewers and editors of a manuscript to access the data.
Providing accession numbers facilitates linking to and from the
established databases and integrates the article with a broader
collection of scientific information, therefore list all accession
numbers should be listed directly after the Supporting Information
All accession numbers for all entities such as genes, proteins,
mutants, diseases, etc., for which there is an entry in a public
database should be included in the manuscript. Experimental data
should be submitted to the appropriate databases, with a release
date corresponding to the date of publication.
Greek Symbols And Special Characters:
Greek symbols and special characters often undergo formatting changes
and get corrupted or lost during preparation of manuscript for
publication. To ensure that all special characters used are embedded
in the text, these special characters should be inserted as a symbol
but should not be a result of any format styling (Symbol
font face) otherwise they will be lost during conversion to PDF/XML.
Authors are encouraged to consult reporting guidelines. These
guidelines provide a set of recommendations comprising a list of
items relevant to their specific research design. All kinds of
measurements should be reported only in International System of
List of Abbreviations (if any):
If abbreviations are used in the text either they should be defined in
the text where first used, or a list of abbreviations should be
In case there is a need to present lengthy, but essential methodological
details, use appendices, which can be a part of the article. An appendix
must not exceed three pages (Times New Roman, 10 point fonts, 900 max.
words per page).The information should be provided in a condensed form,
ruling out the need of full sentences. A single appendix should be
titled APPENDIX, while more than one can be titled APPENDIX A, APPENDIX
B, and so on.
Supportive/Supplementary Material (if any):
We do encourage to append supportive material, for example a PowerPoint
file containing a talk about the study, a PowerPoint file containing
additional screenshots, a Word, RTF, or PDF document showing the
original instrument(s) used, a video, or the original data (SAS/SPSS
files, Excel files, Access Db files etc.) provided it is inevitable or
endorsed by the journal's Editor.
Supportive/Supplementary Material intended for publication must be
numbered and referred to in the manuscript but should not be a part of
the submitted paper. In-text citations as well as a section with the
heading "Supportive/Supplementary Material" before the "References"
section should be provided. Here, list all Supportive/Supplementary
Material and include a brief caption line for each file describing its
Any additional files will be linked into the final published article in
the form supplied by the author, but will not be displayed within the
paper. They will be made available in exactly the same form as
originally provided only on our Web site. Please also make sure that
each additional file is a single table, figure or movie (please do not
upload linked worksheets or PDF files larger than one sheet).
Supportive/ Supplementary material must be provided in a single zipped
file not larger than 4 MB.
Authors must clearly indicate if these files are not for publication but
meant for the reviewers'/editors' perusal only.
RESEARCH ETHICS AND POLICIES
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
All potential conflicts of interest that could have a direct or indirect
influence on the work must be disclosed by the authors. Even if an author
does not have a conflict, disclosing affiliations and interests allows for a
more comprehensive and open approach, which leads to a more accurate and
objective evaluation of the work. Conflicts of interest, whether genuine or
imagined, are a perspective to which the readers are entitled.
The publication of a conflict statement in the article itself, as well as the
submission of the conflict disclosure form, is required for all types of
papers. It is not necessarily the case that a monetary relationship with
examination support or funding for counseling work is inappropriate.
The following are some examples of potential conflicts of interest that are
directly or indirectly related to the research:
Financial competing interests include (but are not limited to):
- Type of support / grant number
- Name of institution
- Funds received by the author
- Fund received by the institution
- Travel allowances for the research
- Funds received for article preparation and reviewing
- Funds for conducting review activities
- Support provided for article writing assistance, for drugs,
- Editorial board member
- Advisor or expert opinion
- Paid lectures
- Expert advice for scientific and technical issues
- Pending fund or grant
In addition, interests other than monetary and any funding (non-financial
interests) should be declared if they are relevant to readers. Personal
relationships or conflicting interests directly or indirectly related to
research, as well as professional interests or personal opinions that may
impact your research, are examples of these.
Intellectual property, in basic terms, refers to any intangible property that
is the result of creativity, such as patents, copyrights, etc. Similarly,
this section seeks to know about copyright and patent (licensed patent,
pending or issued) and any payment received for intellectual property such
- Licensed Patent
- Issued Patent
- Pending Patent
- Funds received for article preparation and reviewing
All conflict of interest disclosure forms are collected by the corresponding
author. It is sufficient for the corresponding author to sign the disclosure
form on behalf of all authors in author collaborations when legal agreements
for representation allow it. The templates of the form can be found here.
Before the reference list, the corresponding author will include a summary
statement in the text of the article that reflects what is reported in the
potential conflict of interest disclosure form (s).
Any research assistants or other individuals who assisted with the research but are not listed as authors, such as those who carried out the literature review, produced, computerized, and analyzed the data, or helped with the language, writing, or proofreading of the article, or offered any comments or suggestions, should be acknowledged. Briefly, everyone who has contributed significantly to the improvement of the paper should be acknowledged. It is recommended to mention the "Declared None" if there is no acknowledgement for the study.
Guest or honorary authorship based solely on position (e.g. research supervisor, departmental head) is discouraged
The specific requirements for authorship have been defined by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (www.icmje.org). Examples of authors' contributions are: 'designed research/study', 'performed research/study', 'contributed important reagents', 'collected data', 'analyzed data', 'wrote paper' etc. This information must be included in the submitted manuscript as a separate paragraph under the heading ‘Authors' Contirbution’. The corresponding author is responsible for obtaining permission from all co-authors for the submission of any version of the manuscript and for any changes in the authorship.
Consent for Publication:
If the manuscript has an individuals’ data, such as personal detail,
audio-video material etc., consent should be obtained from that individual.
In case of children, consent should be obtained from the parent or the legal
Post-publication discussions are well-timed and engaging scientific
remarks and justifications on research articles published in “The Open
Environmental Research Journal”. These remarks must be based on the
information concurrent with the original study and not on the scientific
advancements being made subsequently.
Manuscript Preparation, Submission & Editorial Process:
- Post-publication discussion should commence with a short paragraph that
outlines the summary of the article.
- Authors are advised to avoid using inciting tone in the comments and keep
the message clear and concise.
- The main text should not exceed 1200 words with up to 15 references and
may include one or two figures and/or tables.
- References should be submitted in the ACS or Vancouver style.
- The correspondents are recommended to contact the original authors first
prior to submitting their comments to the journal as this may resolve
the issues that may have arisen due to some misunderstanding.
- The correspondence that has been done with the authors should also be
submitted as an attachment with the manuscript.
Any queries therein should be addressed to
Formatting of references follows the Harvard system. References should be
indicated in the text by surname of the author(s) followed by the year of
publication as shown below.
References to more than one publication by an author in the same year should
be distinguished with lower-case letters, e.g. (Smith 2003a, 2003b). The
abbreviated author and date reference should be placed in parentheses unless
the name forms part of the text, e.g. “Jones (2005) has established that….”
If no person is named as author, the name of the appropriate body should be
used, e.g. (Ecological Society of America 2006).
Unpublished studies and personal communications should be referred to in the
text only, using the authors’ initials and surname.
The references should be relevant to the study and should refer to the
original research sources. Self-citation and self-interest should be avoided
by the authors, editors and peer-reviewers.
All authors’ names should be listed in the references. The full list of
references including names of all authors should be typed in alphabetical
order and double-spaced at the end of the article, in accord with the
following examples. Journal titles should be in full, not abbreviated. Below
are a few examples of references listed in the Harvard style.
Rolán-Alvarez, E, Carballo, M, Galindo, J, Morán, P, Fernández,
B, Caballero, A, Cruz, R, Boulding, EG & Johannesson, K
(2004) Nonallopatric and parallel origin of local reproductive
barriers between two snail ecotypes. Molecular Ecology,
Wellborn, GA & Broughton, RE (2008) Diversification on an
ecologically constrained adaptive landscape. Molecular
Ecology, 17, 2927-36.
Sambrook, J, Fritsch, EF & Maniatis, T (1989) Molecular
Cloning a Laboratory Manual, 2nd ed, Cold Spring Harbor
Laboratory Press, New York.
Stevenson, WG, Friedman, PL (1999) In: Hennekens, CH (Ed)
Clinical Trials in Cardiovascular Disease, Philadelphia, WB
Saunders Co 217-30.
Citations for articles/material published exclusively online or
in open access (free-to-view) , must contain the exact Web
addresses (URLs) at the end of the reference(s), except those
posted on an author’s Web site unless editorially essential,
e.g. ‘Reference: Available from: URL’.
Some important points to remember:
- All references must be complete and accurate.
- If the number of authors exceeds six then et al
will be used after three names (the term “et al.”
should be in italics).
- Online citations should include the date of access.
- Journal abbreviations should follow the Index Medicus
- Take special care of the punctuation convention as described
in the above-mentioned examples.
- Avoid using superscript in the in-text citations and
- Abstracts, unpublished data and personal communications
(which can only be included if prior permission has been obtained)
should not be given in the reference section but they may be mentioned
in the text and details provided as footnotes.
- The authors are encouraged to use a recent version of EndNote
(version 5 and above) or Reference Manager (version 10) when formatting
their reference list, as this allows references to be automatically
AVAILABILITY OF DATA AND MATERIALS
The source of data and materials should be mentioned in the manuscript, in
support of the findings. Sharing research data is integral to its transparency
and reproducibility. Data sharing involves the citation and availability of data
that support the findings of the research.
Bentham Open encourages authors to share the source of data and materials in the
manuscript, in support of the findings.
Research Data Policy Types:
The four types of research data policies are mentioned below.
Case 1: Data sharing and data citation
Case 2: Data sharing and its evidence
Case 3: Statement for Data sharing and data availability
Case 4: Data sharing, evidence of data sharing and data
Case 1: Data Sharing and Data Citation
Wherever appropriate and possible, the journal encourages authors to publish
data to support their research findings in a public repository. Any datasets
mentioned in the article that are available in external repositories should
How to Cite the Data?
Whether the data was developed by the author(s) or researcher(s), all
publicly available data referenced in the preparation of an article should
be cited in the text and reference list. The references relating to the data
availability should be presented in the following format:
Example: Name of author(s), the title of data set, data repository, document
version (e.g., most recent updated version), Digital Object Identifier
(DOI), and Bentham Open reference style should be included in data
Case 2: Data Sharing and Its Evidence
When authors submit a paper to a journal, the authors agree that the data
provided in the publication, including the relevant raw data, will be freely
available to any researcher who wants to use these for non-commercial
reasons without jeopardising participant anonymity.
Case 3: Statement for Data Sharing and Data Availability
Data availability declarations are required under Bentham Open research data
The statement relating to the data availability should be presented in the
following format under a separate section for ‘Availability of Data and
Materials’ in the manuscript:
The authors confirm that the data supporting the findings of
this study are available within the article and its
The data that support the findings of this study are
available from the corresponding author, [author initials], on
The datasets generated or analysed during the current study
are not publicly available due to [mention the reason(s)].
Authors who do not wish to share their data should clearly
state that the data will not be shared, and thus mention as ‘Not
The statement relating to the data should be presented in
the following format:
"The data supporting the findings of the article is available in the
[repository name] at [URL], reference number [reference number]”.
Additional Data Availability Statements
Authors can add or change the statement(s) above, to fit their work the best.
Depending on the nature of the research, several assertions may need to be
Case 4: Data Sharing, Evidence of Data Sharing and Data for
All datasets on which the paper's conclusions are based must be made
accessible to reviewers and readers, according to the journal's rules. Prior
to peer review, authors must either deposit their datasets in publicly
accessible repositories or provide them as supplementary materials with
Archiving of Datasets
Authors may deposit their datasets openly to Zenodo Repository, in
addition to their own or their institutional archives.
Zenodo - a repository which is funded by the European Commission, CERN,
and OpenAIRE—features a Data for Policy community.
Data for Zenodo site is primarily being used to host Data for Policy for
conference papers and posters. However, we also encourage authors, who
are already submitting to Data and Policy, to use Zenodo for presenting
content associated with their articles.
Additionally, Zenodo can be used as a repository to host data and other
materials that are referred to in the Data Availability Statement. These
- data management plans
- software documentation
- audio and video files
- reports, and
- technical notes
Moreover, authors who wish to cite any relevant materials could use the
unique Digital Object Identifier (DOI) that Zenodo assigns to the
Data Access and Retention
Authors may provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data. if practicable, and should in any event be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.
FIGURES / TABLES
Figures/Illustrations (if any):
All authors must strictly follow the guidelines below for preparing
illustrations for publication in The Open Environmental Research Journal.
If the figures are found to be sub-standard, then the manuscripts will
The authors are expected to submit good quality figure(s) in PDF, PPT,
MS Word, TIFF or JPEG versions, which, if required, should be improved
yourself or by professional graphic designers of your organization/
country. You may even consider approaching our contracted service
providers Eureka Science
for Graphics Enhancement Services.
The Graphics Designing team at Eureka Science can assist in improving the
quality of your images at affordable rates. Eureka Science has
contracted special rates with us of US $135 for the improvement of up to
five figures, with any additional figures being charged at US $21 each.
The quality of Graphic Enhancement Services offered by Eureka Science can
be viewed at
http://www.eureka-science.com/images/Binder1.pdf, along with
valuable feedback on their services at
http://www.eureka-science.com/testimonials.php. You may contact
Eureka Science at email@example.com
Note: Availing Graphics Enhancement Services do not guarantee
acceptance of the manuscript for publication. The final
acceptance/decision on the manuscript is taken by the EiC.
Guideline for Figures/Illustrations
Illustrations must be provided according to the following guideline:
Illustrations should be embedded in the text file, and
must be numbered consecutively in the order of their appearance.
Each figure should include only a single illustration which should
be cropped to minimize the amount of space occupied by the
If a figure is in separate parts, all parts of the
figure must be provided in a single composite illustration file.
Photographs should be provided with a scale bar if
appropriate, as well as high-resolution component files.
- All the numbers, symbols and letters in figures should be
consistent and clear throughout and large enough to remain readable
when the size is reduced for publication.
- It must be ensured to cite each figure in the text in
Line Art image type is normally an image based on lines and text. It
does not contain tonal or shaded areas. The preferred file format
should be TIFF or EPS, with the color mode being Monochrome 1-bit or
RGB, in a resolution of 900-1200 dpi.
Halftone image type is a continuous tone photograph containing no
text. It should have the preferred file format TIFF, with color mode
being RGB or Grayscale, in a resolution of 300 dpi.
Combination image type is an image containing halftone , text or line
art elements. It should have the preferred file format TIFF, with
color mode being RGB or Grayscale, in a resolution of 500-900 dpi.
Illustrations may be submitted in the following file formats:
EPS (preferred format for diagrams)
PDF (also especially suitable for diagrams)
PNG (preferred format for photos or images)
Microsoft Word (version 5 and above; figures
must be a single page)
PowerPoint (figures must be a single page)
JPEG (conversion should be done using the
Bentham OPEN does not process figures submitted in
For TIFF or EPS figures with considerably large file size restricting
the file size in online submissions is advisable. Authors may
therefore convert to JPEG format before submission as this results
in significantly reduced file size and upload time, while retaining
acceptable quality. JPEG is a lossy format. However, in order to
maintain acceptable image quality, it is recommended that JPEG files
are saved at High or Maximum quality.
Zipit or Stuffit tools should not be used to compress files prior to
submission as the resulting compression through these tools is
Please refrain from supplying:
- Graphics embedded in word processor (spreadsheet,
- Optimized files optimized for screen use (like GIF, BMP,
PICT, WPG) because of the low resolution.
- Files with too low a resolution.
- Graphics that are disproportionately large for the
Technical requirements for graphic/ figure submissions.
|Width = 8.5 inches (In-between the required
|Height = 11 inches (In-between the required
|Pixels/Inches = 300 (minimum dpi)
|All figures should be in vector scale (except
half tone, photograph.)
Image Conversion Tools
There are many software packages, many of them freeware or shareware,
capable of converting to and from different graphics formats,
General tools for image conversion include Graphic Converter on the
Macintosh, Paint Shop Pro, for Windows, and ImageMagick, available
on Macintosh, Windows and UNIX platforms.
Bitmap images (e.g. screenshots) should not be converted to EPS as
they result in a much larger file size than the equivalent JPEG,
TIFF, PNG or BMP, and poor quality. EPS should only be used for
images produced by vector-drawing applications such as Adobe
Illustrator or CorelDraw. Most vector-drawing applications can be
saved in, or exported as, EPS format. If the images were originally
prepared in an Office application, such as Word or PowerPoint,
original Office files should be directly uploaded to the site,
instead of being converted to JPEG or another format of low quality.
Chemical structures MUST be prepared in ChemDraw/CDX and provided as
Structure Drawing Preferences
[As according to the ACS style sheet]
||18% of width
||14.4 pt (0.500cm, 0.2in)
||2.0 pt (0.071cm, 0.0278in)
||0.6 pt (0.021cm, 0.0084in)
||1.6 pt (0.096cm)
||2.5 pt (0.088cm, 0.0347in)
||Times New Roman
|Under the Preference Choose
|Under Page Setup Use
- Data Tables should be submitted in Microsoft Word table
- Each table should include a title/caption being explanatory
in itself with respect to the details discussed in the
table. Detailed legends may then follow.
- Table number in bold font i.e. Table 1,
should follow a title. The title should be in small case
with the first letter in caps. A full stop should be placed
at the end of the title.
- Tables should be embedded in the text exactly according to
their appropriate placement in the submitted manuscript.
- Columns and rows of data should be made visibly distinct by
ensuring that the borders of each cell are displayed as
- Tables should be numbered in Arabic numerals sequentially in
order of their citation in the body of the text.
- If a reference is cited in both the table and text, please
insert a lettered footnote in the table to refer to the
numbered reference in the text.
- Tabular data provided as additional files can be submitted as
an Excel spreadsheet.
- It is adequate to present data in Tables to avoid
unnecessary repetition and reduce the length of the
- The citation of each table in the text must be
- Symbols and nonstandard abbreviations should be
explained in the end of the text.
- All references should be numbered sequentially [in
square brackets] in the table and listed in the same
numerical order in the reference section.
Bentham OPEN requires that all individuals listed as authors
must have made a substantial contribution to the design, performance,
analysis, or reporting of the work. The role of authors is judged on the
All contributing authors are required to sign a copyright letter, mentioning
complete details, including full name, affiliation, email address, ORCID ID
and their role in the article. After successful electronic submission of a
manuscript, a system-generated acknowledgement will be sent to all authors
on their provided email addresses.
Authors and Institutional Affiliations
Authors must provide a final list of authors at the time of submission,
ensuring the correct sequence of the names of authors, which will not be
considered for any addition, deletion or rearrangement after final
submission of the manuscript. The email address of the principal author
should be provided with an asterisk. However, the complete address, business
telephone numbers, fax numbers and e-mail address of the corresponding
author must be stated to receive correspondence and galley proofs. Bentham
OPEN recommends that all contributors regularly update their
profiles on SCOPUS/ORCID and other databases.
Authors are strongly recommended to use their ORCID ID when submitting an
article for consideration. Alternatively, they can acquire an ORCID ID via
the submission process. For more information about ORCID IDs, visit
Changes to Authorship
At the time of initial submission, the finalized list of authors in correct
sequence should be provided, which will not be changed once the publication
process has started.
If any change is essential, then it can only be done after the approval of
the Editor-in-Chief upon receiving the following details from the
- The reason for the change in the author list and/or their sequence
- A proper justification should be provided for changes in
- Correction of existing names should be accompanied by a notice to
the Editor-in-Chief of the journal.
- A written confirmation from all the co-authors is a prerequisite for
any amendment or removal
Any amendment to the authors’ list will only be considered and approved by
the Editor-in-Chief after complete verification. Publication of the
manuscript will be withheld during consideration of the request. However, if
the manuscript has already been published online, requests approved
thereafter by the Editor-in-Chief will result in an erratum or corrigendum.
The corresponding author is responsible for obtaining permission from all
co-authors for any changes in the authorship.
Here is some advice by COPE on authorship issues. Bentham strives to follow
on how to spot authorship problems
Activities such as the acquisition of funding, general supervision of a
research group or general administrative support, writing assistance,
technical editing, language editing, and proofreading alone do not qualify
any contributor for authorship. Such contributors may be acknowledged
individually or together as a group in the acknowledgement section. Further
details for writing acknowledgements are available
here. Persons not meeting authorship criteria can be acknowledged in
the acknowledgement section of the article rather than being enlisted as
Guest or Honorary Authorship
All contributing authors should contribute substantially to the article and
sign the copyright letter. Bentham OPEN discourages
authorship based solely on position (e.g., a research supervisor or a
departmental head). We use
COPE guidelines for identifying any suspected ghost, guest or gift
LANGUAGE AND EDITING
Manuscripts containing language inconsistencies will not be published.
Authors should seek professional assistance for correction of grammatical,
scientific and typographical errors before submission of the revised version
of the article for publication. Professional editing services may also be
sought by the team available at
Authors are required to proofread the PDF versions of their manuscripts
before submission. To avoid delays in publication, proofs should be checked
immediately for typographical errors and returned within 48 hours. Major
changes are not acceptable at the proof stage. If unable to send corrections
within 48 hours due to some reason, the author(s) must at least send an
acknowledgement on receiving the galley proofs or the article will be
published exactly as received and the publishers will not be responsible for
any error occurring in the manuscript in this regard.
The corresponding author will be solely responsible for ensuring that the
revised version of the manuscript incorporating all the submitted
corrections receives the approval of all the authors of the manuscript.
REVIEWING AND PROMPTNESS OF PUBLICATION
All papers submitted for publication are immediately subjected to preliminary
editorial scrutiny by the Editor-in-Chief regarding their suitability. The
Editor-in-Chief determines if the manuscript:
(a) falls within the scope of the journal and
(b) meets the editorial criteria of Bentham OPEN in terms of
originality and quality.
Manuscripts that appear to be suitable are then subjected to single-blind
peer-review by, usually three, neutral eminent experts. The services of eminent
international experts are sought through invitations to conduct the peer-review
of a submitted manuscript, keeping in view the scope of the manuscript and the
expertise of the reviewers. The identity of the reviewers is not disclosed to
the authors. The anonymity of reviewers ensures objective and unbiased
assessment of the manuscript by the reviewers.
Before sending the manuscripts to reviewers, Bentham OPEN seeks
consent from potential reviewers about their availability and willingness to
review. Correspondence between the editorial office of the journal and the
reviewers is kept confidential. The reviewers are expected to provide their
reports in a timely fashion since a prompt review leads to timely publication of
a manuscript which is beneficial not only to the authors but to the scientific
community as well.
The editorial process and peer-review workflow for each journal are taken care of
by a team of Senior Editors, Editorial Board Members (EBMs) and dedicated
Journal managers who have the required expertise in their specific fields.
Bentham OPEN carries out independent review of all articles. The
reviewers are selected according to their expertise, from our, regularly
updated, referee database.
On the basis of reviewer comments, the Editors may recommend acceptance, revision
or rejection of a manuscript.
After review of the manuscript by at least three independent experts, in addition
to the views of the Editor, the decision is relayed to the authors, which may be
- Requires minor changes
- Requires major changes
- Rejected but may be resubmitted
- Rejected with no resubmission
Bentham OPEN requests not to have the manuscripts peer-reviewed
by those experts who may have competing interest with the author(s) of a
submitted manuscript. It is not possible for Editors to be aware of all
competing interests; it is therefore expected that the reviewers would inform
the Editor-in-Chief/Handling Editor if they notice any potential competing
interest during the course of review of a manuscript. Moreover, the reviewers
are expected to inform the Editors or editorial office of the journal if they
have a conflict of interest in carrying out the review of a manuscript submitted
by any author/contributor of the manuscript.
The authors are usually requested to resubmit the revised paper within 15 days
and it will then be returned to the reviewers for further evaluation. The
publishers normally allow one round of revision and, in exceptional cases, a
second round of revision may be allowed. If further revision is needed, then the
manuscript is rejected and the author is requested to resubmit the manuscript
for fresh processing.
The final decision regarding acceptance or rejection is that of the
Editor-in-Chief, depending on the quality of the revision and his assessment of
the quality of the manuscript. In rare cases, manuscripts recommended for
publication by the referees may be rejected in the final assessment by the
The time frame for revision of any article may vary from one to four weeks,
depending on the nature of the revision required (minor or major). However,
authors who need extra time for revision should consult the
Editor-in-Chief/Handling Editor with valid reasons and the submission date of
the revised manuscript may be extended if the request is genuine.
After the successful completion of the review and acceptance of the article, the
articles are typeset and proofs are dispatched to authors for any corrections
prior to final publication.
Bentham OPEN uses the iThenticate software which detects
instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts. This
software checks content against a database of periodicals, the Internet, and a
comprehensive article database. It generates a similarity report, highlighting
the percentage overlap between the uploaded article and the published material.
Any instance of content overlap is further scrutinized for suspected plagiarism
according to the publisher’s Editorial Policies. If the similarity seems
legitimate, the article will be proceeded for further review process; however,
in cases of superfluous plagiarism, the authors have to revise the text as per
Bentham OPEN strictly follows the COPE guidelines to detect
plagiarism; for more clear insight, authors may refer to flowcharts provided by
COPE by clicking
here or by visiting COPE website.
Low Text Similarity
The text of every submitted manuscript is checked by using the Content
Tracking mode in iThenticate. The Content Tracking mode ensures that
manuscripts with an overall low percentage similarity (but which may have a
higher similarity from a single source) are not overlooked. If the
similarity level is significantly high, then the manuscript is returned to
the author for paraphrasing the text and citing the original source of the
It is important to mention that the text taken from different sources with an
overall low similarity percentage will be considered as a plagiarized
content if the majority of the article is a combination of copied material.
High Text Similarity
There may be some manuscripts with an overall low similarity percentage, but
a higher percentage from a single source. For instance, a manuscript may
have less than 20% overall similarity but there may be 15 % similar text
taken from a single article; the similarity index in such cases is higher
than the approved limit for a single source. Authors are advised to
thoroughly rephrase the similar text and properly cite the original source
to avoid plagiarism and copyright violation.
TYPES OF PLAGIARISM:
We all know that scholarly manuscripts are written after a thorough review of
previously published articles. It is therefore, not easy to draw a clear
boundary between legitimate representation and plagiarism. However, the
following important features can assist in identifying different kinds of
plagiarized content. These are:
- Reproduction of others words, sentences, ideas or findings as
one’s own without proper acknowledgement.
- Text recycling, also known as self-plagiarism. It is an author’s
use of a previous publication in another paper without proper citation and
acknowledgment of the original source.
- Paraphrasing poorly: Copying complete paragraphs and modifying a
few words without changing the structure of original sentences or changing
the sentence structure but not the words.
- Verbatim copying of text without putting quotation marks and not
acknowledging the work of the original author.
- Properly citing a work but poorly paraphrasing the original text
is considered as unintentional plagiarism. Similarly, manuscripts with
language somewhere between paraphrasing and quoting are not acceptable.
Authors should either paraphrase properly or quote and in both cases, cite
the original source.
- Higher similarity in the abstract, introduction, materials and
methods, and discussion and conclusion sections indicates that the
manuscript may contain plagiarized text. Authors can easily explain these
parts of the manuscript in many ways. However, technical terms and sometimes
standard procedures cannot be rephrased; therefore Editors must review these
sections carefully before making a decision.
PLAGIARISM IN PUBLISHED MANUSCRIPTS:
Published manuscripts which are found to contain plagiarized text are
retracted from the journal website after careful investigation and approval
by the Editor-in-Chief of the journal. A ‘Retraction Note’ as well as a link
to the original article is published on the electronic version of the
plagiarized manuscript and an addendum with retraction notification in the
For further details, please visit:
FABRICATING AND STATING FALSE INFORMATION
To ensure the scholarly integrity of every article, Bentham OPEN
will publish post-publication notices. The authors of the published articles, or
those who have submitted the manuscripts with false information, or fabricated
the supporting data or images, will be liable for sanctions, and their papers
will be retracted. For further details, please visit complete guidelines at:
APPEALS AND COMPLAINTS
Generally, the editorial decisions are not reverted. However, authors who think
that their manuscript was rejected due to a misunderstanding or mistake may seek
an explanation for the decision. Appeals must give sound reasoning and
compelling evidence against the criticism raised in the rejection letter. A
difference of opinion as to the interest, novelty, or suitability of the
manuscript for the journal will not be considered as an appeal. The EIC and
other relevant editors will consider the appeal and the decision thereafter
taken by the journal will be deemed final. Acceptance of the manuscript is not
guaranteed even if the journal agrees to reconsider the manuscript, and the
reconsideration process may involve previous or new reviewers or editors and
Authors who wish to make a complaint should refer them to the Editor-in-Chief of
the journal concerned. Complaints to the Publisher may be emailed to
How the complaint can be filed to Bentham OPEN?
Bentham OPEN is constantly striving to improve its
publication practices. If you are not satisfied with any procedure of the
processing of your manuscript, then please let us know at the following
email address with full details:
For Assistance please contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
For complaints please contact: email@example.com
The publication fee for each article published in this journal is US $1005
The publication fee includes basic copy editing services. Once the paper is
accepted for publication, the author will receive an electronic invoice via
email. Subsequent submissions from the Bentham OPEN Authors
will receive a discount of US$ 100 on the total publication charges
providing their previous submission did not avail any discount off the listed
full author open access fee rate.
Bentham OPEN offers a 50% discount off the Publication Fee for
manuscripts of all corresponding authors who reside in countries which are
categorized as low-income economies by the World Bank. To see if you qualify for
the discount, please refer to the complete list of these countries click here
Quick Track Publication:
An optional fast publication fee-based service called “QUICK TRACK” is
available to authors for their submitted manuscripts.
QUICK TRACK allows online publication within 1 week of receipt of the final
approved galley proofs from the authors. The total publication time, from
date of first receipt of manuscript to its online publication is only 6
weeks, subject to its acceptance by the referees and modification (if
any) by the authors within one week.
The Authors will be charged US $350 processing fee
(non-refundable) and an additional $450 publication fee
(refundable if paper is not accepted for publication). The quick track
publication fee together with the Bentham OPEN publication
charges, will be payable before online publication of the paper. If the
paper is rejected, there will be no further charges other than the
$350 already paid.
Please note that whether the author opts for the QUICK TRACK facility or not,
standard reviewing practices will be followed, which will not in any way
affect the acceptance or rejection of the manuscript by the reviewers.
Authors who have availed QUICK TRACK services in a Bentham OPEN
journal will be entitled for an exclusive 30% discount if they
again wish to avail the same services in any Bentham OPEN
journal within the next 12 months.
For more information please contact the Editorial Office by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org
Bentham OPEN offers a 50% discount off the Quick Track Fee
for manuscripts of all corresponding authors who reside in countries which
are categorized as low-income economies by the World Bank. To see if you
qualify for the discount, please refer to the complete list of these
countries click here
Extend the scope and visibility of your research by creating an animated
abstract. Bentham OPEN has collaborated with Focus Medica, one of the
world’s largest publishers of expert animated atlases and videos in medicine
An animated abstract will help summarise the essential discoveries/ key
findings of your published research or review article. Each professionally
produced full-coloured animated abstract in video format (length 3-5
minutes) is accompanied by an English spoken or foreign language commentary.
The animated abstract will be published online along with the published
The payment for an animated abstract will be US$ 1190 for
English language, and US$ 1690 for Foreign language articles.
Initially, an advance amount of US$ 700 will be payable to the
Publisher to start work on the Animated Abstract, while the balance of US$
490 (English language) or US$ 990 (Foreign language)
will be payable on completion of the Animated Abstract.
Authors will be asked whether they wish to opt-in for this paid animated
abstract service, and if not, the article will be published as normal.
Animated abstracts are available as open access (free viewing) for maximum
visibility and awareness to readers at anytime, anywhere. The animated
abstracts are licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Public License (CC
Sample Animated Abstract
Antimicrobial resistance represents a significant challenge to future
healthcare provision.An acronym ESKAPEE has been derived from the names
of the organisms recognised as the major threats although there are a
number of other organisms, notably Neisseria gonorrhoeae, that have
become equally challenging to treat in the clinic. These pathogens are
characterised by the ability to rapidly develop and/or acquire
resistance mechanisms in response to exposure to different antimicrobial
agents. A key part of the armoury of these pathogens is a series of
efflux pumps, which effectively exclude or reduce the intracellular
concentration of a large number of antibiotics, making the pathogens
significantly more resistant. These efflux pumps are the topic of
considerable interest, both from the perspective of basic understanding
of efflux pump function, and its role in drug resistance but also as
targets for the development of novel adjunct therapies. The necessity to
overcome antimicrobial resistance has encouraged investigations into the
characterisation of resistance-modifying efflux pump inhibitors to block
the mechanisms of drug extrusion, thereby restoring antibacterial
susceptibility and returning existing antibiotics into the clinic. A
greater understanding of drug recognition and transport by multidrug
efflux pumps is needed to develop clinically useful inhibitors, given
the breadth of molecules that can be effluxed by these systems. This
review discusses different bacterial EPIs originating from both natural
source and chemical synthesis and examines the challenges to designing
successful EPIs that can be useful against multidrug resistant bacteria.
SPECIAL FEE WAIVERS AND DISCOUNTS
Bentham OPEN offers waivers and discounts to those corresponding
authors who are based in low-income countries*.
The authors who wish to avail this offer should request for a waiver or discount
at the time of submission of their manuscripts to Bentham OPEN.
Bentham OPEN offers 50% discount on Open Access fee for
manuscripts of the corresponding authors based in countries categorized as
low-income economies by World Bank (list given below).
For more information regarding Publication Fee of Bentham OPEN
journals, please click here: https://openenvironmentalresearchjournal.com/publication-fee.php
List of Countries*:
Central African Republic
Syrian Arab Republic
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Papua New Guinea
São Tomé and Principe
West Bank and Gaza
Congo, Dem. Rep
Bentham OPEN offers ‘Complimentary Membership’ to International
R & D organizations, institutes and universities. Bentham OPEN
Membership entitles authors from different member institutes to a special
discount of 20% on the open access publication fee on their submissions to The Open
Environmental Research Journal. Additionally, input and contributions from
associate institutes would also be recognized and a link to their respective
Website would be displayed on the Bentham OPEN membership page.
The member institution’s logo will also be published on the same page.
Bentham OPEN Membership provides the following
- Possibility to explore 21 distinct disciplines by means of publishing
in 41 open access journals.
- Author(s) own the copyrights to their published articles.
- Unbound right to read, download or print open access articles.
- Extensive peer-review of submitted articles.
- Access to a range of articles in printed form such as short
communications, full length research articles, reviews or conference
- Simple steps from submission to publication, leading to fast
- Possibility of archiving published articles.
The complimentary membership is valid for a span of one year and upon completion
of the prescribed period, it is renewed by mutual interest and agreement.
If you find the above mentioned details relevant, then kindly contact us via
e-mail at email@example.com
GAIN MORE PUBLICATION REACH AND IMPACT VIA KUDOS
Bentham OPEN is a publishing partner of Kudos. All authors who
publish in this journal will receive an invitation to join the Kudos platform,
an entirely free service for authors. Kudos enables authors to help broaden
their audience and readers, increase their professional profile and reputation,
and establish an impact for their publications. The website link is www.growkudos.com
Kudos provides a free platform to researchers to have their publications
accessible, read and cited across multiple networks and channels available to
researchers for the dissemination of their work. It takes on average 15 minutes
and leads to 23% higher growth in full-text downloads.
Authors are encouraged to explain their work in clear English and to attract
researchers of the relevant communities, share a trackable link that you can
email to your existing network of contacts, or share on social media and
academic websites, and track how well the articles are performing through the
summary of views, downloads, citations, and altmetrics on the Kudos dashboard.
Authors may also use the new shareable PDF (S-PDF) service. The S-PDF provides
researchers with the means to write and share a high-level overview for each of
their publications. Kudos thereby provides researchers, and their publishers and
institutions, with a rich understanding of which channels and activities are
most effective for broadening the reach and impact of published science.
Bentham OPEN provides excellent professionally printed reprints,
each inside a beautiful journal cover, which you can proudly send to colleagues
and scientists in your field. These reprints with cover are available at
concessionary rates. The minimum limit of reprint order is 25 copies.
- Authors who order minimum 100 will be entitled to a 35%
- Authors who order minimum 200, 300, 400 and 500 will
be entitled to a 15% discount.
If the article was originally printed in color, the reprint will be an exact
replication of the original for an additional charge.
Company logos and foreword can be published on the printed reprint cover page
in sponsored reprints.
500 OR MORE REPRINTS
Orders Above 500 reprint copies: A quotation for orders above 500 can be
obtained by emailing at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Printed covers are available at extra cost.
AIRMAIL AND HANDLING COSTS
Reprints are dispatched to the customers by airmail. Airmail and handling
costs will be invoiced additionally with the reprints. Our shipping
department requires the name and telephone number of the recipient of the
order. These quotes are in US Dollars and are valid for 30 days.
Once confirmed, your order will ship to deliver in 35 business days from the
day the proofs, if required, have been approved or from the day of
confirmation. Expedited delivery option is also available.